XA file

Discussion in 'Yamaha Keyboards' started by LindaP, Sep 12, 2018.

  1. LindaP

    LindaP

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    Hello again. If I buy an XA version of a song from Yamaha, what does it include? Style, split voices, notes etc. or is it just a MIDI?
    Thanks
    Linda P
     
    LindaP, Sep 12, 2018
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  2. LindaP

    SeaGtGruff I meant to play that note! Moderator

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    If you buy a "song" from Yamaha MusicSoft, it should be just a MIDI song file with nothing else included. If you want something that includes styles and voices, look at the "sound and expansion libraries."

    The "XA" and other designations are to indicate the types of voices and other features-- such as the types of effects-- that the MIDI file uses, and therefore which models of keyboards should be able to play the MIDI file with no problems and no need for "tweaking." Each class or category of file includes all possible voices, drums, effects, and message types from the one before it, plus some additional ones, so they're like those nested ceramic dolls of various sizes which fit inside each other.

    - "General MIDI" or GM -- The MIDI file uses only voices from the 128 GM instrument sounds, as well as the standard GM drum kit, effects, and message types. Any GM-compatible keyboard (including non-Yamaha keyboards) should be able to play the file with no problems. No lyrics or chord information are included, since those are usually coded (at least for Yamaha keyboards) using non-GM message types.

    - "XA" -- The "X" stands for "XG," which is Yamaha's extension of General MIDI, or it can stand for "XGlite," which is a somewhat-simplified or reduced version of XG. I don't know what the "A" stands for ("arranger"? "any"? "all?"). The MIDI file uses XG-compatible voices, drums, effects, and message types (which includes GM-compatible ones). However, no lyrics or chord information are included. The web site says this class of file is "Optimized for PSR-2100/2000, PSR-1500 PSR-1100/1000, PSR-S550/500 and Clavinova CVP-200 series, CVP-303, 301, 401 and 501"; but I imagine it will likely work with almost any XG- or XGlite-compatible model.

    - "Premium - XT" -- The "T" stands for "Tyros," and the lack of a number after the "T" means the first Tyros model, which was called simply "Tyros" rather than "Tyros1." The MIDI file uses voices, drums, effects, and message types which are available on the Tyros and certain other "premium" PSR or Clavinova models; the web site says that this class of file is "Optimized for Tyros 1, PSR-3000, PSR-S710/700, PSR-S900, A-2000 and Clavinova CVP-601, 503, 405 and CVP-309." It contains Yamaha's XF messages for lyrics and chords.

    - "Premium - XT2" -- The "T2" stands for "Tyros2." The MIDI file uses voices, drums, effects, and message types which are available on the Tyros2 and certain other "premium" PSR or Clavinova models; the web site says that this class of file is "Optimized for Tyros 2 and 3, PSR-S750/S910 and Clavinova CVP-505 and 409 models." It controls the Vocal Harmony feature on compatible models.

    - "Premium - XT3" -- The "T3" stands for "Tyros3." The MIDI file uses voices, drums, effects, and message types which are available on the Tyros3 and certain other "premium" PSR or Clavinova models; the web site says that this class of file is "Optimized for Tyros 3, PSR-S950 and Clavinova CVP-701 and 605 models."

    - "Premium - XT4" -- The "T4" stands for "Tyros4." The MIDI file uses voices, drums, effects, and message types which are available on the Tyros4 and certain other "premium" Clavinova models; the web site says that this class of file is "Optimized for Tyros 4, and Clavinova CVP-705, 609 and 509 models."

    - "Premium - XT5" -- The "T5" stands for "Tyros5." The MIDI file uses voices, drums, effects, and message types which are available on the Tyros4 and certain other "premium" Clavinova models; the web site says that this class of file is "Optimized for Tyros 5, and Clavinova CVP-709 models."

    - "Premium - G1" -- The "G" stands for "Genos," and the "1" means the first Genos, even though it's called simply "Genos" and not "Genos1." The web site doesn't give a description of this class of file yet, but it's obviously optimized for the Genos keyboard.

    Ideally, you want to choose the highest class of file that your model can handle, but you could also choose any lower class of file-- except it wouldn't be the best version that you could get. You could even choose a higher class of file-- but then you'd likely need to edit the file as required so it doesn't try to use instrument sounds and other features that aren't compatible with your model.
     
    SeaGtGruff, Sep 12, 2018
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    LindaP likes this.
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